Research Products

Research and Policy Briefs:

No.1 Public Distribution System: More People Rely on PDS than Ever Before by Sonalde Desai

No.2 Marriage is a Family Affair by Sonalde Desai

No.3 A Glass Half Full: Changes in Standards of Living since 2012 by Sonalde Desai, Manjistha Banerji, Debasis Barik, Dinesh Tiwari and Om Prakash Sharma. 2020.


Current Working Papers


WP2021-01 Choudhury, Pallavi and Sonalde Desai. 2021. "Lack of Access to Clean Fuel and Piped Water and Children’s Educational Outcomes in Rural India.


WP2020-01.  Regional Fertility Differences in India by Esha Chatterjee and Sonalde Desai.


WP2019-02 Lin, Zhiyong, Sonalde Desai, and Feinian Chen. 2019. "The Emergence of Educational Hypogamy in India."  Revised version forthcoming in Demography.

WP2019-01 Chatterjee, Esha and Sonalde Desai. 2019. "Physical versus Imagined Communities: Migration and Women's Autonomy in India. Revised version forthcoming Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies


WP2018-02 Desai, Sonalde. 2018. "Do Public Works Programs Increase Women's Economic Empowerment: Evidence from Rural India."

WP2018-01 Chatterjee, Esha, Sonalde Desai and Reeve Vanneman. 2018. "Indian Paradox: Rising Education, Declining Women's Employment." Revised Version published in Demographic Research, 38:856-875.

Working Papers Archive

Technical Report:

Desai, Sonalde, Amaresh Dubey, B.L. Joshi, Mitali Sen, Abusaleh Shariff and Reeve Vanneman. 2009. India Human Development Survey: Design and Data Quality. IHDS Technical Paper 1.


Other key findings:

Crime victimization rates: First all-India victimization rates.

Household Amenities: Piped water, LPG for cooking, and electricity depend on household and state income levels.

Household Assets: Distribution of household assets. Districtwise variation across India.

Marriage patterns: Most spouses first meet on wedding day. Arranged marriages vary widely across India.

Renting in vs. renting out land: Renting in land more common in agriculturally backward regions.

Rural/urban income: Rural - urban income differences largest at the bottom.

Rural nonagricultural incomes: Rural higher income households more often have both non-agricultural and agricultural income. Rural households with both non-agricultural and agricultural incomes tend to be in poorer states.

Salaries: Public sector salary advantage is largest for least educated.

Wage rates: Earnings returns to education are greater for secondary school and beyond.


Additional Products:

Journal publications

IHDS Editorials

Monthly Forum Newsletter


Papers by IHDS Users

IHDS Users in the News