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Research Products

Research and Policy Briefs:

No.1 Public Distribution System: More People Rely on PDS than Ever Before by Sonalde Desai

No.2 Marriage is a Family Affair by Sonalde Desai

No.3 A Glass Half Full: Changes in Standards of Living since 2012 by Sonalde Desai, Manjistha Banerji, Debasis Barik, Dinesh Tiwari and Om Prakash Sharma. 2020.


Current Working Papers


WP2021-01 Choudhury, Pallavi and Sonalde Desai. 2021. "Lack of Access to Clean Fuel and Piped Water and Children’s Educational Outcomes in Rural India.

WP2021-02 (Published) Lei, Lei, Sonalde Desai, and Feinian Chen. 2020. “Fathers’ Migration and Nutritional Status of Children in India: Do the Effects Vary by Community Context?”, Demographic Research, 43(20): 545–580. Link.

WP2021-03 (Published) Lei, Lei and Sonalde Desai. 2021. “Male Out-Migration and the Health of Left-Behind Wives in India: The Roles of Remittances, Household Responsibilities, and Autonomy”, Social Science and Medicine, May 3. Link.

WP2021-04 Chatterjee, Esha and Reeve Vanneman. 2021. "Women's low employment rates in India: Cultural and structural explanations."


 Working Papers Archive

Technical Report:

Desai, Sonalde, Amaresh Dubey, B.L. Joshi, Mitali Sen, Abusaleh Shariff and Reeve Vanneman. 2009. India Human Development Survey: Design and Data Quality. IHDS Technical Paper 1.


Other key findings:

Crime victimization rates: First all-India victimization rates.

Household Amenities: Piped water, LPG for cooking, and electricity depend on household and state income levels.

Household Assets: Distribution of household assets. Districtwise variation across India.

Marriage patterns: Most spouses first meet on wedding day. Arranged marriages vary widely across India.

Renting in vs. renting out land: Renting in land more common in agriculturally backward regions.

Rural/urban income: Rural - urban income differences largest at the bottom.

Rural nonagricultural incomes: Rural higher income households more often have both non-agricultural and agricultural income. Rural households with both non-agricultural and agricultural incomes tend to be in poorer states.

Salaries: Public sector salary advantage is largest for least educated.

Wage rates: Earnings returns to education are greater for secondary school and beyond.


Additional Products:

Journal publications

IHDS Editorials

Monthly Forum Newsletter


Papers by IHDS Users

IHDS Users in the News