IHDS 1: Sample Sizes

The India Human Development Survey (2005) is a nationally representative survey of 41,554 households. The sample encompasses 33 states and union territories (see below) of India with the exception of small populations living in the island states of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep. The sample comprises 1504 villages and 970 urban neighborhoods in 383 (of the 602) districts in India. Of the total, 26,734 households reside in rural areas and 14,820 in towns and cities. The IHDS sample design combines two separate samples: a re-interview sample (N=13,900 households) of households first contacted in 1994-5 and a new sample (N=27,654 households).

Re-interview households

The IHDS aimed to re-interview about half the rural households that had been in the earlier Human Development Profile of India, 1994-5 (HDPI) (N=33,230). Households were selected randomly within the stratified 1994 sampling design. Split households that remained within the village were re-interviewed. New households were added in four distinct components:

Replacement samples

Sufficient records were not always available from the original HDPI villages to re-locate those households for IHDS. To maintain a representative sample, an equal number of replacement households were drawn from those HDPI villages with missing records.

Refresher sample

Two new villages in each of the HDPI districts were randomly drawn with probability proportional to population size. A sample of 20 households was selected from a village listing in each of the two new villages.

Extension sample

IHDS was conducted in 10 states and union territories that were not part of the earlier HDPI survey. A three-stage sample (districts, villages, households) was randomly drawn in each of these new states or territories (N=1080 households). Sample sizes varied from 60 to 400 depending on the size of the state.

Urban sample

The 1994 HDPI included only rural areas (although 277 households in 19 villages had been re-classified as towns by the 2001 census). Therefore, IHDS drew a new sample of households (N= 14,543) for urban areas. Within each state or union territory, towns or cities were selected with probability proportional to population, and three or more census neighborhoods were randomly chosen within each town. Fifteen households were randomly selected from each neighborhood following a complete household listing.

 

Final sample of households

Households in IHDS-I -- 41,554
Households in IHDS-II -- 42,152
IHDS-I households lost to recontact in IHDS-II - 6,911
IHDS-II households not included in IHDS-I -- 2,134

Reminder: Households from IHDS-I may have split into two or more households in IHDS-II. If the split households resided in the same village or urban block, all splits were interviewed.

Final sample of Individuals

Individuals interviewed in both rounds -- 150,995
Individuals interviewed only in IHDS-II -- 53,582
Individuals interviewed only in IHDS-I -- 64,753

Reminder: The term "individuals interviewed" is a euphemism. Much of the information about individuals is collected through interview with adult male and female respondents in the household.

 

Statewise sample sizes: 

  Census Households Individuals
State Code Rural Urban Total Rural Urban Total
Jammu & Kashmir 1 400 315 715 2,528 1,702 4,230
Himachal Pradesh 2 1,057 315 1,372 5,663 1,503 7,166
Punjab 3 1,033 560 1,593 6,202 2,831 9,033
Chandigarh 4 0 90 90 0 383 383
Uttaranchal 5 309 149 458 1,757 736 2,493
Haryana 6 1,350 268 1,618 8,112 1,291 9,403
Delhi 7 60 900 960 329 4,291 4,620
Rajasthan 8 1,590 895 2,485 9,663 4,805 14,468
Uttar Pradesh 9 2,389 1,123 3,512 14,966 6,499 21,465
Bihar 10 965 465 1,430 5,950 2,856 8,806
Sikkim 11 60 45 105 293 212 505
Arunachal Pradesh 12 120 45 165 623 209 832
Nagaland 13 100 30 130 480 84 564
Manipur 14 60 45 105 359 239 598
Mizoram 15 60 45 105 263 239 502
Tripura 16 184 45 229 818 190 1,008
Meghalaya 17 116 45 161 505 250 755
Assam 18 699 318 1,017 3,286 1,404 4,690
West Bengal 19 1,247 1,133 2,380 6,170 4,788 10,958
Jharkhand 20 519 405 924 2,913 2,095 5,008
Orissa 21 1,464 600 2,064 7,710 2,886 10,596
Chhatishgarh 22 905 270 1,175 4,833 1,377 6,210
Madhya Pradesh 23 2,177 628 2,805 12,392 3,409 15,801
Gujarat 24 1,167 911 2,078 5,926 4,234 10,160
Daman & Diu 25 60 0 60 281 0 281
Dadra+Nagar Haveli 26 60 0 60 315 0 315
Maharashtra 27 2,078 1,125 3,203 10,881 5,721 16,602
Andhra Pradesh 28 1,526 909 2,435 6,669 3,992 10,661
Karnataka 29 2,832 1,189 4,021 14,184 5,675 19,859
Goa 30 100 65 165 475 307 782
Kerala 32 1,089 642 1,731 4,892 3,089 7,981
Tamil Nadu 33 898 1,200 2,098 3,691 4,855 8,546
Pondicherry 34 60 45 105 245 228 473
               
Total   26,734 14,820 41,554 143,374 72,380 215,754