IHDS I & II were designed to complement existing Indian surveys by bringing together a wide range of topics in a single survey. This breadth permits analyses of associations across a range of social and economic conditions. For example, studying childrens outcomes (e.g., learning, immunizations) requires joint consideration of the role of poverty, family structure, gender relations, community context, and the availability of facilities. All of these are available in both IHDS surveys.


  • caste & community
  • consumption and standard of living
  • energy use
  • income
  • agriculture
  • employment
  • government subsidies
  • education
  • social and cultural capital
  • household & family structure
  • marriage
  • gender relations
  • fertility
  • health
  • village infrastructure

A detailed topic and codebook index for IHDS I is also available.