Is it possible to draw an inference about a particular state using IHDS data?
*Cautious* inferences can be made at the state level for large states (or state groups as in stateid2); but not at the district level. The issue is not so much weighting but sample size and selection. The urban sample is representative only at the state level; the rural sample might be considered more representative at the district (1991 district) level; but sample sizes are small so drawing conclusions about any one district would be mistaken. Samples sizes at the state level are also small sometimes, so *cautious* inferences are necessary. More information is available at http://ihds.umd.edu/IHDS_files/AppHDinIndia.pdf